The little triangular green flag inscribed with the words "No God, but God and Muhammad are his prophets" is stuck in a pile of broken masonry --
Blocked the streets of Daraya, a former rebel stronghold, two weeks ago, Daraya was in a 4-year siege.
In a nearby building, there is an entrance to a carefully constructed tunnel, which is said to be too dangerous to enter, and someone wrote on the wall: "There are too many martyrs in Syria, they will build a new Syria in Heaven ".
Flags, tunnels and messages are one of the few signs that fighters have fought for such a long time for this destroyed ghost town in southeast Damascus, three miles from the center of the capital.
In August 25, it was occupied by the Syrian Army, a defining moment in the struggle of the Syrian capital, where there is a population of 1 out of 3, or at least 5 out of 16 million Syrians, who will be the winner of the Civil War, who will take full control of the war.
The Syrian government is confident in its victory: the resistance of Daraya is a huge challenge.
Although only 1,800 fighters and civilians were there at the end, it was a public symbol of rebel resistance.
The attention of the international community is focused on the more distant battlefields of Aleppo or Palmyra, but the government's tighter control over Damascus is a more important development.
The city was a professional jigsaw puzzle four years ago.
Government and pro
Both sides are trying to expand their heavily guarded islands of power.
But today, with the exception of a large opposition enclave in the east, the government controls almost all the cities and suburbs, known as the East Pagoda.
Isolated, hungry, bombed, split with each other, and aware that war is going against them, rebel towns are giving up the terms that the government is responsible.
The Syrian army is eager to show its latest success in Daraya this week, despite fears of traps and mines.
"We have lost 6 soldiers dead and 4 wounded," said General Ayman Saleh, commander of the Fourth Brigade field that besieged the town since 2012.
"These devices are connected to the door of the room, the refrigerator, etc.
"Nevertheless, the army must believe that its control over the town has been completed, as four soldiers without weapons have passed by us.
A long time ago, the vast majority of the 200,000 people who used to live in the town fled here, probably in 2012.
The degree of visible destruction varies from street to community.
It was always at the entrance of the town, close to the municipal pound of the car confiscated by the police, where all the buildings were broken, and only the standing Wood of the concrete pillar rose a few feet above the debris.
It used to be the front line, but on the other side of the town, most of the modern apartment buildings were burned, but still standing still, often with a hole in bullets and shrapnel.
There is often a pile of broken concrete, window frames and furniture, and the shell or bomb turns the whole building into a pile of debris.
No one, no sign of a recent residence, was completely silent.
Daraya used to make furniture in small workshops and occasionally saw pieces of broken wood --
The logo of the store has faded, although there is a "for sale" logo in front of a store, which is the desperate but doomed failure of some shopkeepers to find buyers before his neighbors are violently swallowed up
The street is a long canyon of destruction, where decorative bushes turn into 15-foot-tall trees.
In most towns and towns where their people are forced to flee, there are usually signs or smells of recent occupation, such as food scraps or garbage, but not here.
Standing next to a Muslim cemetery with a white tombstone next to the ruins of Daraya Christians, General Saleh said that the independent unit has lost 286 of the fighting in January 4, 2012 killed and 276 injured.
He did not want to disclose the number of soldiers in his brigade, but pointed to the crashed apartment buildings that had already disappeared from the window, saying that they were a great hiding place for snipers.
He agreed that at the beginning of the siege, the armed opposition had received popular support in the town, but he claimed that support had decreased over time.
Others remember seeing thousands of
Government protesters were on the street at the time, but there was no old slogan on the wall to show that they had existed.
Syria is full of siege, which is obviously different in some ways, but very similar in others.
The government usually follows the classic
The rebel strategy, notorious by France in Aliga and the United States in Vietnam, is the shelling and bombing of rebel areas to separate fighters from civilians.
Across Syria, an estimated 590,000 people are surrounded by hostile military forces (
Although the number of rebels rose 275,000 this week
Surrounded again in eastern Aleppo).
Most people are in opposition areas, although the Islamic State has surrounded about 110,000 people in the government --
Detained in the eastern Syrian city of Deir Zul, there are 20,000 people in Shi'ite towns outside Aleppo, Kefraya and Foua.
Relief in these besieged areas is a major topic of international diplomacy and media attention, but the extent of poverty varies from extreme malnutrition to greater proximity to the effects of an arbitrary economic blockade.
For example, the rebel towns of Zabadani and Madaya, west of Damascus, were completely cut off without food entering.
Zabadani is almost empty except for 700 fighters, but 43,000 people are trapped in Madaya.
A woman went out with her two daughters, but did not wish to publish her name, describing how she tried to cook soup with the plants she found on the wasteland.
One of the girls tried to get water from the spring water and her legs were hit.
"You can see malnutrition on people's faces," said an observer who recently visited Madaya.
"There is no electricity, so they cook and warm plastic in winter.
Surprisingly, the meat is meat, because the sheep have no feed and they are being slaughtered, but it is too expensive for most people.
"The nightmare complexity of getting the UN rescue convoy into Zabadani and Madaya is even more complicated because
Known as the "Four Towns Agreement" under which whatever is done for them must be done for Pro
Government officials Kefraya and Foua
Other heavily besieged towns include Murada Mia, 45,000 of the population, near Daraya, which is more heavily invested (
General Saleh said that what ultimately led to the fall of Dalaya was to cut the link between the two. .
Food Politics in the Syrian war is controversial, and the United Nations relief agency finds itself in a dispute of hatred.
Outside Syria, the real dimension of the issue is rarely understood because they are distorted by the unannounced military and advocacy needs of both sides.
Although 590,000 people have been cut off and a lot of things are missing, the number of people who are actually hungry is about the third in this figure.
But even here, according to the political environment, there is a big difference in the degree of poverty.
For example, al-
Waer is a Sunni Arab region in the western part of Homs, with a population of 75,000, and most of the time is completely isolated from the rest of Syria.
But every month or so, business traders are allowed to come in, and if they have money, people hoard food they can store, such as cans, chickpeas and dried beans.
Almost half of the number of people besieged (about 282,000) are in the East Pagoda, the biggest counter to date
The government left resistance in Damascus.
Even so, as government forces advance from the east and south, the region has shrunk third in the past three years.
"The situation is bad," said an observer familiar with the enclave.
"But there is no malnutrition.
It used to be a garden in Damascus, where a lot of fruits and vegetables were planted.
You'll see little shops selling oil, sugar and biscuits that you'll never see in mademia.
Seed and agricultural machinery are the most urgent needs.
"In Syria, almost everyone is under siege more or less.
There are besieged towns and regions, but there are also economic sanctions imposed by the United States and the European Union, weakening economic life.
Like United Nations sanctions against Iraq between 1990 and 2003, they hurt ordinary Syrians and have a negligible impact on political leadership.
Like Iraq, everything related to Siege, blockade and sanctions is at the heart of a propaganda war in which everyone blames others for deliberately starving or killing innocent people.
There is no doubt that one reason the Syrian government wants to move the siege of Daraya with the rebels to their stronghold in the northern province of Idlib is that, the continued bombing of the town has become a disruptive international political issue.
The government strongly protested that 4,000 civilians were still misled by the United Nations in Daraya, but the number proved to be small.
But the real importance of the fall of Daraya lies in military rather than politics.
With its occupation, the long struggle for the capital has decisively turned to the support of the government;
Syria is old-fashioned no matter who controls Damascus.